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View Full Version : history of claim, but also history of 6 nations, good info for tutelo tie in



fromOntario
04-20-2006, 10:09 AM
Six Nations land reward chronology

* Oct. 25, 1784: Six Nations rewarded with a tract of land for its loyalty to the British Crown during the American Revolution. It's referred to as the Haldimand Proclamation after Frederick Haldimand, general and commander of the British forces. It gave to Six Nations six miles on either side of the Grand River from Lake Erie to its source, about 385,000 hectares.

* 1792: Lieutenant-Governor John Graves Simcoe reduces the Six Nations grant to 111,000 hectares.

* 1796: Six Nations grants its chief, Joseph Brant, the power of attorney to sell off some of the land and invest proceeds. The Crown opposes the sales but eventually concedes to grant Brant the patents required.

* 1830-1840: Members of Six Nations dispose of land to white settlers without approval of chiefs or the Crown. Squatters become a major problem.

* 1835: Crown approaches Six Nations about development of Plank Road (now Highway 6) and lands around it. Six Nations agrees to lease half a mile of land on each side for road, but does not surrender land. Lieutenant-Governor John Colborne agrees to lease but his successor, Sir Francis Bond Head, does not. After 1845, despite protests of Six Nations, Plank Road and surrounding lands were sold to third parties.

* 1840: Government recommends a reserve of 8,000 hectares be established on the south side of the Grand River and the rest sold or leased.

* Jan. 18, 1841: Six Nations council agrees to surrender for sale all lands outside those set aside for a reserve. A faction of Six Nations petitioned the surrender, saying the chiefs had been deceived and intimidated.

* June 1843: A petition to the Crown said Six Nations needed a 22,000 hectare reserve and wanted to keep and lease a tier of lots on each side of Plank Road and several other tracts of land in the Haldimand area.

* Dec. 18, 1844: Document signed by 47 Six Nations chiefs appears to authorize sale of land to build Plank Road.

* May 15, 1848: Crown deed issued to George Marlot Ryckman for Lot B, west of Plank Road in Oneida Township, about 23 hectares. That land is now Douglas Creek Estates.

* 1850: Crown passes proclamation setting out extent of reserve lands, about 19,000 hectares agreed to by Six Nations chiefs.

* 1924: Under the Indian Act, the Canadian government establishes an elected government on the reserve.

Glossary

Six Nations: A confederacy of Iroquois tribes including originally the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga and Seneca (the Five Nations). After 1722, they were joined by the Tuscarora to form the Six Nations Confederacy. The tribes were based in Ontario, Quebec, Pennsylvania and upstate New York.

Haudenosaunee: Used by those who reject the term Iroquois, which is said to be a derogatory French word meaning "black snakes."

Haudenosaunee means "People building a longhouse," referring to native nationalities coming to live together in peace under one common law.

Six Nations Reserve: Located west of Highway 6 between the Grand River to the north and Indian Line or Regional Road 20 that runs through Hagersville. Six Nations is the most populous reserve in Canada with a population of about 22,000. Roughly half live on the 46,500-acre reserve. That's less than 5 per cent of the land originally granted to the Six Nations.

Grand Council: The assembly of 50 chiefs of the Iroquois Confederacy who represent all of the clans of the member nations. The Grand Council was once united at the Onondaga Nation near Syracuse, N.Y.

But when nearly half of the Haudenosaunee moved north after the American Revolution, the Grand Council split. Onondaga is still regarded as the capital of the Confederacy and is home to the central fire.