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Wachinika
10-14-2007, 10:51 AM
These grapics offer structure and direction that could aid our younger generations as we pass on to them their heritage.
The Power Of The Group diagram could be used as a guide to us as we interact with one another in this online community.
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The following are excerpted from Children's Services Practice Notes, a newsletter designed to enhance the practice of North Carolina's child welfare workers by providing them with information about research and practice models:


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http://ssw.unc.edu/fcrp/cspn/vol11_no2/aiinnc.htm (http://ssw.unc.edu/fcrp/cspn/vol11_no2/aiinnc.htm)

Produced four times a year, Practice Notes is sponsored by the North Carolina Division of Social Services and the Family and Children's Resource Program, part of the Jordan Institute for Families and the School of Social Work at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

American Indians in North Carolina


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According to the US Census Bureau, 99,551 North Carolinians, or 1% of the people in the state, described their race as American Indian during the 2000 Census. Nationally, along with Kansas, Minnesota, and Oregon, our state is ranked 12th in the percentage of its population that is Native American (US Census, 2005).
Age. As a group, North Carolina’s Indian population is younger than the state’s general population. Approximately 33% of Native Americans in North Carolina are under age 19, compared with a state average of 24% (NICWA, 2005; US Census, 2005). This means that our state’s Native population has a greater need for all types of community services for children and youth.
Distribution. Nationally, at least 50% of Native Americans live in metropolitan areas (Bennett, 2003). In North Carolina all counties have some Indian residents. Based on Census data, eight counties (Cumberland, Hoke, Jackson, Mecklenburg, Robeson, Scotland, Swain, and Wake) are home to 2,000 or more Native Americans. In several of these Indians make up a significant percentage of the population: Hoke (10%), Jackson (10%), Robeson (33%), and Swain (25%).
Affiliation. There are Native Americans from many tribes across the nation living in North Carolina. However, most belong to one of 12 North Carolina-based tribes and organizations (see below). The Eastern Band of the Cherokee is the only federally-recognized tribe based in North Carolina.

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North Carolina’s State-Recognized
American Indian Tribes and Organizations


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Coharie Tribe, Sampson County</SPAN>
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Cumberland County Association for Indian People
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Eastern Band of the Cherokee,* Swain & Jackson Counties
* This tribe is also federally recognized
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Guilford Native American Association
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Haliwa Saponi Tribe, Halifax County
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Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina, Robeson County
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Meherrin Indian Tribe, Hertford County
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Metrolina Native American Assoc., Mecklenburg County
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Occaneechi Band of Saponi Nation, Alamance County
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Sappony Tribe, Person County
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Triangle Native American Society, Wake County

Waccamaw Siouan Development Association, Columbus County

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According to the 2000 Census, the largest single Indian group in North Carolina is the Lumbee, who number 46,896 and make up 47% of the Native population in the state. For links to all tribal governments and Indian groups in North Carolina, including contact information, go to www.doa.state.nc.us/cia/tribes.pdf (http://www.doa.state.nc.us/cia/tribes.pdf) (dated Feb. 2005).


American Indian Strengths

Although the challenges they face are real, Native Americans also possess many strengths.
Foremost among these is their resiliency. Indeed, after centuries of racism, discrimination, boarding school placements, forced relocation, attempted genocide, and transracial adoption, Native Americans’ very existence is a remarkable achievement (Goodluck, 2002).
But Indians have done more than survive. Evidence for this can be found in statistics about home ownership (nearly 55% of all Native people own their own home) and education (75% of Indians age 25 and over have at least a high school diploma, 14% have at least a bachelor’s degree), and in the fact that today American Indians are growing and continuing as unique cultures and tribes.
To better understand American Indians’ successes, Goodluck (2002) conducted a study in which she identified 42 Native strengths. These strengths included the sovereignty of tribes, humor, traditions, and many more:


http://ssw.unc.edu/fcrp/cspn/vol11_no2/casey_nicwa_wellbeing_indicators3a.jpg
This list is important because it can help non-Native child welfare practitioners understand what is important to Indian individuals, families, and tribes.
Goodluck also developed a model of Native American well-being. At the heart of this model are three domains: extended family, spirituality, and social connections. Goodluck believes activities in these domains reinforce one another to create a cycle of Native American well-being.
Workers who want to improve their ability to recognize Indian strengths and empower Native families should consider reading Goodluck’s report, which contains suggestions for identifying behaviors associated with different Native strengths. It is available at <www.casey.org/Resources/Publications/NICWAWellBeingIndicators.htm (http://www.casey.org/Resources/Publications/NICWAWellBeingIndicators.htm)>.

References for this and other articles in this issue (http://ssw.unc.edu/fcrp/cspn/vol11_no2/ref_v11n2.htm)

Linda
10-14-2007, 02:31 PM
Interesting piece. Also, interesting to me is how much html you used. I hadn't realized this upgrade could handle it that well. Good job. I put it in quotes to enhance clarity.