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Thread: Indiana Jones-Smith

  1. #1
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    Indiana Jones-Smith

    A summary I've written for our family members about our specific Indiana Jones-Smith lines:

    Indiana Jones-Smith is the name of a family of Eastern Siouan descendants. A family that originated in the NC/VA Piedmont before moving Northwest to OH/IN and elsewhere. The Siouan diasopra sent people in all directions, some stayed in the Piedmont marrying into African and European lines while maintaining community.


    Ten years ago we found SaponiTown and Linda Carter's 'other Blackfoot' page and recognized our family group had a name. Researcher Bill Childs from Indianapolis helped us trace Francis Smith and Massa Jones. With this help we have been able to find our people.


    The photo below is of an Indiana Jones Smith descendant. A wide smile is a common feature among many in this line. The Day and Haithcock families of Ohio are connected families. There is a history of towns platted in Ohio and Indiana by tri-racial descendants and their allies. Communities to escape the disenfranchisement and violence in VA/NC throughout the 1700s.


    In 1714 Yesą̨́ people lost their land through treaty. Community began breaking up. Many went to live around Fort Christanna. Nearby Fort Germanna was home to newly arrived German settlers at the same time. The Drybreads have families that trace back to Germanna. Some Yesą̨́ went North to the Susquehanna in PA and to Cayuga and Seneca (Iroquois) land in NY. There was much intermarriage in the decades of the 1730s and 1740s.


    By the 1750s many had moved. A large body of Tutelo were in Coreogonel at that time (near present day Ithaca NY, and Buttermilk Falls State Park). They would live there through to 1779 when their villages were attacked and burned before winter by American troops under orders from Washington. The Tutelo group that merged into the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) left PA/NY for Grand River Ontario.


    The 1790s accelerated a migration out of the Piedmont. The first Fugitive Slave Act was passed in 1793, creating legal penalties for assisting people fleeing 'legal' slavery. Ancestors from this group of families were going to court in Viginia at this time. Being forced to prove their status as 'free people of color'. Historically free families of Native, African and European descent. Our ancestors helped organize migration away from violence and repression to newly created communities. What would later become known as the Underground Railroad.


    This context is necessary to understand the records around the Indiana Jones-Smith and associated lines.
    To the best of my knowledge David and Sarah Jones had nine children. Three boys; John 1773, Leven 1775, Solomon 1777, and six girls; Sarah 1778, Mary 1779, Massa 1781, Tressa 1783, Anna 1785 and Keziah 1787.


    1790 is the year recorded in family genealogy for David Jones death (43 years old). There are no official records or date. There is no record of Sarah's maiden name or parents. Many records from this time were destroyed during the time white supremacist Walter Plecker ran the Virignia Bureau of Vital Statistics (WWI-WWII).


    The earliest pre-census record any researcher has linked to David Jones is as a chain-carrier (surveyor) for Nicholas Kabler living on the Dan River (Saponi territory) mid 1700s. David Jones listed birth date is 1747. Nicholas Kabler father's will was probated in 1780. He had another son who predeceased him in 1778 that names his son William Kabler and William Collins as executors. The Kablers had first come to the area as settlers in 1718.


    In 1790 there is also a record of marriage 5 July for eldest son John Jones to Sarah Sumpter in Franklin County Virgnia. On that date John and Sarah were 17 and 11. Another source puts their marriage in 1795. There first child's birthdate is 1 Dec 1793. Perhpas the early death of their father led to the young marriage - or it was arraned by parents? Regardless the marriage produced twelve children.


    John Jones, his brother Solomon, and sisters Sarah, Massa, and Tressa are the last generation to be born in Virgnia and are at the root of the Indiana Jones Smith branch. While most of this line went to Indiana others went to Tennessee, Utah and other states. One Jones descendant in Missouri found us through SaponiTown and Massa Jones.

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    GrandMother - Potter, Jones, Smith, Gates, Walburn, Good, Routh, Redfern, Brower, Bechtel, Buck, Wiley, Beeler, Kyger, Heaton, Stainbrook, Ihinger, McColley, Thomas, Franklin, Warden, Hurst, Schule, Mauler, Weller, Snyder
    GrandFather - Drybread, Wheatley, Marshall, Cotton, Kitchen, Passmore, Harrell, Coppock, Pontius, Zeller, Waters, Charlton, Sager, Barbee, Wimberley, Decker, Nay, Hibbs, Tucker, Irwin, Baker, Cone, Llewellyn, Bayley, Miller->Bunch
    DNA - Parrish, Merritt, White

  2. #2
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    Although all the Jones children were born in southern Virginia, most found their final resting place in Indiana. John, Massa, Tressa and Keziah passed in eastern Indiana, Sarah in Tennessee, and Anna in Iowa. (Leven, Solomon and Mary’s final resting place is unknown). While there are many descendants in Tennessee, the majority removed to Indiana all prior to the 1850s. Some lines continued further west, likely due to intolerance of their religious beliefs. Some continued to move to Utah to become early Mormons, some lived alongside the Utes.


    There was a spiritual awakening around this time with outgrowths of many new faiths. John is known as ‘Rev John Jones’ in most records. It is not clear his faith. It would seem to me that it was survival Christianity. Becoming a Christian community in order to avoid being removed from the land by government law or settler violence. It is worth noting that the predominant Christian faith among modern-day Catawba is Mormonism.


    This generation were forced to move from their place of birth and their Native homeland near the time of the Fugitive Slave Act in 1793. Massa and Anna would both live to see the second Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 that would lead to Civil War. These lines are connected in some degree to the Quakers. The 1850 law was basically a declaration of war on the values and beliefs of the Quakers. This generation would not survive to see the outbreak of Civil War.


    Anna Jones was the last surviving member of this generation. She passed aged 74 on Wednesday October 19th 1859 (newspaper clipping from this day). The day after John Brown and his men were captured at Harper’s Ferry WV by Robert E Lee and JEB Stuart. Our Coppock cousins Edwin and Barclay Coppock, lieutenants to Brown, were Quakers who eschewed nonviolence and raided the federal armory with Brown and other allies to arm a slave rebellion. Barclay escaped along with 4 others via the Underground Railroad. Edwin was captured and hung two months later, as was Brown.


    I mention this not just to date their time, but because these people were part of the same community. This generation of Jones were of primarily Catawba/Siouan ancestry. It’s unlikely they would have easily passed as Black or White. The racial constructs that were developing in the United States excluded them. The same ancestors moving west from Virginia to Ohio/Indiana are the same ones who organized what became known as the Underground Railroad. These were people who organized their own communities with their own morals and values which sometimes ran contrary to federal law.


    Another reason this line is known as ‘Indiana Jones’ is Anna who passed in Iowa had no known children. Sarah Jones’ marriage to Joseph Marion Trout in Tennessee produced eight children. These five boys and three girls had many Trout grandchildren. While the next generation came to have different surnames, their ancestors would have all belonged to the same clan. It is not clear to what clan these Jones belonged. It is clear that Blackfoot-Siouan oral history passed down seven generations on to descendants living today. This oral history traveled on multiple unconnected, primarily female, lines.


    Rev John Jones passed in Randolph County Indiana, he married Sarah Sumpter and fathered twelve children, some of whom were among those to move west. Massa Jones passed in Grant County, she married Francis Smith and had eight children, including first born David B Smith. Tressa passed in Boone County she married Joseph Benjamin Trout. These two ‘Joe Trout’s are thirteen years apart. It is not clear through my research if they are related. It is clear they were in the same times and places as each other and the Jones line.


    Clinton County Ohio is a location many came to first after Virginia and before Indiana. This group were still in Virginia in the 1790s, in Ohio in the 1820s, and Indiana in the 1830s. Solomon Jones is listed married to Elizabeth Barrett in Clinton County in family histories – no official sources exist. They have one known daughter Julyann Jones who marries John Redpath in Indiana in 1837.


    It seems that names in these generations were given to be deliberately hard to trace. People whose names were similar enough to obscure identity and avoid problems of removal to Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and slavery in Virginia. Keziah passed in Morgan County, she married Charles Burton, although they are not known to have had any children.


    Other siblings with no known children are Leven Jones with unsourced marriage to Frances Hall, Anna Jones who marries Joseph Tyler, and Mary Jones who marries James Burton. The two Burton-Jones marriages appear to be two Burton brothers to two Jones sisters. This generation I believe to be of majority Siouan ancestry.
    The series of adjustments (words my grandmother used) required of this generation to survive was no doubt great. Much pressure was surely put on these people. They were strong people as evidenced by our survival and knowledge of them. Pillahuk to Massa and her siblings for their story.

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    GrandMother - Potter, Jones, Smith, Gates, Walburn, Good, Routh, Redfern, Brower, Bechtel, Buck, Wiley, Beeler, Kyger, Heaton, Stainbrook, Ihinger, McColley, Thomas, Franklin, Warden, Hurst, Schule, Mauler, Weller, Snyder
    GrandFather - Drybread, Wheatley, Marshall, Cotton, Kitchen, Passmore, Harrell, Coppock, Pontius, Zeller, Waters, Charlton, Sager, Barbee, Wimberley, Decker, Nay, Hibbs, Tucker, Irwin, Baker, Cone, Llewellyn, Bayley, Miller->Bunch
    DNA - Parrish, Merritt, White

  3. #3
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    The Indiana Jones-Smith lines and their kin the Trout's had many children and grandchildren. Massa Jones had over 30 grandkids - most named Smith. Her other siblings had similar numbers. Together the Jones family's grandchildren numbered in the hundreds. It's these grandchildren who would record the oral history of Massa's generation as the last full-blood generation on the Guion Miller Roll in 1909.


    Massa's sister Tressa (1783 VA - 1848 Boone Co. IN) married Joseph Benjamin Trout and had 9 children. Her first son was named David, presumably after her father, her third son John Jones Trout, named after her brother, and to her fourth son she gave a very uncommon name Levington. Who went by 'Levi' Trout.


    Several records and photos of Levi Trout's family have survived. His birth is recorded 1805 in Pleasant Valley, Rockingham VA, he passed in Fall Creek Twp, Henry Co IN in 1884. He came to Ross County Ohio by the 1810s and Indiana by the 1820s. He is listed in the Indianapolis City Directory in 1875 at 69 Fletcher Ave - occupation harness maker. He was the father of ten children with Margaret Thompson.


    Levi Trout's siblings had similar numbers of children and again there are dozens of grandchildren born to him and his siblings. The woman in the second picture is Levi's daughter Caroline. The third and fourth pictures are daughters of Levi's brother John Jones Trout, who passed in IL, MI and IN, the fifth picture is the family of his son Joseph F Trout, and fourth pictures are His brother John Jones Trout. The last is Abraham Trout (jr) - son of Levi's brother Abraham. The last picture is Joseph Tidrow, son of Levi's sister Caroline Trout.



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  4. #4
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    This is the family of Joseph Trout picture
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  5. #5
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    The only other photo to survive from Levi Trout's generation is Anna Hannah Jones (1809 KY - 1875 Box Elder Co UT), neice to Massa through brother Rev John Jones. She married James Stapleton Lewis, and she and her children moved moved west to Utah and Idaho.

    Judging by surnames and locations, the marriages of these two generations were to others with similar mixed roots. Although many of the people in this group have very common surnames like Smith, Jones and Miller they stand out through surnames they marry into and unique given names.

    Poff is an uncommon surname listed on Rick Haithcock's Catawba surname list. There are two Jones sister-Poff brother marriages in this generation. The other names that marry into the Jones line in these two generations are Bradburn, Byler, Miller, Barrett, and Sutton. Byler may be Beeler, the same as connect in Ted Collin's genealogy and that are kith and kin to the Drybread's.

    The photos in these last two posts are all the known photos from the two generations after Massa. What was said to be the last fullblood Siouan generation in many accounts in 1909. There are no surviving photos of Massa's children or grandchildren. The history of this family has been one of survival against the odds, often by the skin of our teeth.

    The Civil War times of the 1860s were hard. Making peace and rebuilding afterwards even more difficult. Something we are perhaps still healing from today. This time in the 1870s was the darkest period for our Yesą̨́ ancestors. This is when society started to view them as 'extinct'. They became invisible to many.

    In 1871 the Tutelo language died with Nikonha at Grand River in Ontario. The last fullblooded speaker of the Tutelo (Yesan) langugage he was reported to be 106 years old. He was also known as Waskiteng or Mosquito. He was at the Tutelo village of Coreogonel in 1779 when General Sullivan and his company burned their village out.

    In Canada many Métis people have woven sashes. They are sacred items that are part of people's medicine bundles. The colors of the threads can tell a story. Sashes are typically gifted to someone. I was gifted a sash with many black threads. The black symbolizes to me this period in the history of the Yesą̨́ people. It is my ancestor's story, it is my story it's my duty to tell it so that it is not forgotten. So the story will survive another seven generations.

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  6. #6
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    Bunch record on Smith marriage

    I've discovered that my 2g-grandfather Dora MCS Smith had a first marriage I was unaware of until this morning.

    We knew he married Bessie Mae Gates 5 Dec 1898 and had eight children - including my great-grandmother.

    What we didn't know is he was married before that in 1896. The source is the 1894-1897 volume of Randolph County Indiana marriages. The records lists him as "Dora MC Smith" 21, residing in Snow Hill, father Joseph Smith. (Snow Hill is a small unincorporated community - next to Greensfork Twp.) The marriage is to Addie Brown, daughter of John Brown, mother's maiden name Bond - married by 'Bunch' on Oct 14 1896.
    GrandMother - Potter, Jones, Smith, Gates, Walburn, Good, Routh, Redfern, Brower, Bechtel, Buck, Wiley, Beeler, Kyger, Heaton, Stainbrook, Ihinger, McColley, Thomas, Franklin, Warden, Hurst, Schule, Mauler, Weller, Snyder
    GrandFather - Drybread, Wheatley, Marshall, Cotton, Kitchen, Passmore, Harrell, Coppock, Pontius, Zeller, Waters, Charlton, Sager, Barbee, Wimberley, Decker, Nay, Hibbs, Tucker, Irwin, Baker, Cone, Llewellyn, Bayley, Miller->Bunch
    DNA - Parrish, Merritt, White

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