Tutelo in Pennsylvania

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    Does anyone know of any good information about the Tutelo when they came to Pennsylvania about 1740? I know many eventually went to New York with the Cayuga and then to Ontario after the Revolution. From what I have found, if the information is correct, they first settled near Conoy town in northern Lancaster Co. along the Susquehanna river. Then moved upriver to Shamokin, now Sunbury. I have heard of Skakori, not sure if that’s spelled right, where Catawissa is today. That was supposed to be a town totally occupied by Tutelo. I have read brief accounts of them living at Nanticoke and what is now Wilkes-Barre along with in from the river near Mt. Top. I’m assuming that it might have been a mix of Tutelo and other related people, but that the Iroquois called them all Tutelo, so the Pennsylvanians did too. At least what accounts I find refer to them as Tutelo or Toreno. My main questions would be if anyone knows any family names that were used by them at that time? And if anyone on the forum is descended from any of the people that stayed behind in the Susquehanna valley of Pennsylvania? Again from my meager research I have found some reference that quite a few Tutelo stayed behind and mixed into the general population of this area and that many of the people that have families that have lived in this region for generations and have Indian ancestry that give Blackfoot and Cherokee as the source are really Tutelo. Any first hand knowledge or good reference sources would be appreciated. Or corrections to what information I have given if it seems incorrect. Thanks.


    Skakori looks like Shakori, the name of a tribe located in North Carolina. It’s usually spelled Shakori. From The Siouan Tribes of the East by James Mooney written in 1894 p62 “The Eno and Shoccoree are first mentioned by Yardley in 1654. Writing from his Virginia plantation he says that a visiting Tuskarora had described to him, among other tribes in the interior, “a great nation called Cacores,” of dwarfish stature, not exceeding that of boys of 14 years, yet exceedingly brave and fierce in fight…”

    The actual tribe of Tutelo were of the opposite stature. John Lawson in his A New Voyage to Carolina written in 1709 describes the Tutelo as “tall, likely men, having great plenty of buffaloes, elks, and bears, with every sort of deer amongst them, which strong food makes large, robust bodies.”

    Tutelo was what the Iroquois called all Siouan tribes in Virginia and the Carolinas. From The Siouan Tribes of the East by James Mooney, 1894, p 37 “…while the Iroquois name Tutelo, Totero, or Todirich-roone, in its various forms, although commonly used by the English to designate a particular tribe, was really the generic Iroquois term for all the Siouan tribes of Virginia and Carolina, including even the Catawba.”

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